• Daily Leader staff report
Important dates in Kansas’ history
July–August 1541: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, the Spanish conquistador, visits Kansas.
1600s: Kansa (sometimes Kaw) and Osage Nation (originally Ouasash) arrive in Kansas. (The Kansa claim that they occupied the territory since 1673.)
1719: First Europeans visit the Northern Pawnees.
1724: French commander at Fort Orleans, Etienne de Bourgmont, visits the Kansas River and establishes a trading post here, near the main Kansa village at the mouth of the river. Around the same time, the Otoe tribe of the Sioux also inhabit various areas around the northeast corner of Kansas.
End of the 18th century: Kansa and Osage Nations dominant in the eastern part of the state — the Kansa on the Kansas River to the north and the Osage on the Arkansas River to the south. Pawnees were dominant on the plains to the west and north of the Kansa and Osage nations, in regions home to massive herds of buffalo.
1803: Kansas, as part of the Louisiana Purchase, annexed to the United States as unorganized territory.
1806: Zebulon Pike passes through the region, and labels it “the Great American Desert” on his maps.
May 30, 1854: Kansas Territory organized
July 29, 1859: Constitution adopted by convention
January 29, 1861: Kansas becomes 34th state
August 21, 1863: Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence
Spring 1879: Exodusters
February 19, 1881: First state to Constitutionally prohibit alcohol
1890s: Populist Revolt
July 1951: Great Flood of 1951
May 17, 1954: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka